Kolubuma (1999)

Written by: Prof. Kent Kazlo, Professional Director of the Elia Association, Developmental Optometrist. background In the fourth week of pregnancy, the eyes begin to develop in stages. In the first stage, fibers from the fetal brain are drawn forward to form what will become the eyeball. This shape is reminiscent of a cup that, over […]

Retina disease in the nipple

Written by: Prof. Kent Kazlo, Professional Director of the Elia Association, Developmental Optometrist. ROP: Retinopathy of prematurity Background (trigger or triggers) Almost all eye development ends before birth, after birth there will be continued development that depends on the response to light. This process is especially true for the retina– the inner part (the back […]

Glaucoma

Written by: Prof. Kent Kazlo, Professional Director of the Elia Association, Developmental Optometrist. Causes increased intra-eye pressure that causes damage to the optic nerve and damage to the field of vision. Effect on vision: reduction and damage to the peripheral field of vision. Typical injury usually begins in scope and continues in the form of […]

Strabismus

Written by: Prof. Kent Kazlo, Professional Director of the Elia Association, Developmental Optometrist. Strabismus What is strabismus: Strabismus is a situation in which two eyes are not directed at the same purpose. There will always be one deliberate eye on the purpose of vision but the other eye will not. Most cases of strabismus are […]

Cone-Rod Dystrophy

Genetic phenomenon- congenital hereditary. Incidence of the disease 1:40,000 births. The retina is the part of the eye that catches the light. It consists of two types of receptors, which are the cells that correspond to light and convert the image into electrical images that pass to the brain. There are 2 types of receptors: […]

Adm.

Written by: Prof. Kent Kazlo, Professional Director of the Elia Association, Developmental Optometrist. Global Background Adrenals is a hereditary congenital disease, characterized by a complete or partial lack of pigment (a colored substance called melanin) that appears in the skin, hair and eyes. There are two main types of whiteness; Ocular abinism (absence of pigment […]

Visual system concepts and definitions

Prof. Kent Caszlo, Professional Director of the Israel ALE. Eye structure Cornea cornea Transparent dome-like structure First and outer layer of the eye Transmits flares from the object into the eye Iris iris Located behind the corneal and in front of the lens. Gives the characteristic color of the eye At the center of it […]

Amblyopia Lazy Eye

definition: A lazy eye is a visual impairment characterized by a decrease in the quality of vision of one eye, when there is no active disease (if there was a disease it has already been treated) and without the ability to improve the quality of vision with glasses. In order to see, cooperation between the […]

Nistagmus (israel)

definition: Nistagmus (jittery eyes) is a nugget characterized by involuntary movements of the eyes – from side to side, from top to bottom or in rotations. Nistagmus usually appears in both eyes, but sometimes only one eye may be damaged. The main reason for nystagmus is a decrease in vision in early childhood for various […]