Occupational therapy is a profession that assists children with physical, developmental, or behavioral disabilities, to acquire the higher ability for carrying out significant daily activities.
Occupational therapy’s goal is to help the child to function independently as much as possible in three main fields that fill most of the child’s time:
Self-care- including daily activities as eating, dressing, toilet, personal hygiene, making food, and making house chores and daily routine tasks.
Leisure and play- including a wide range of activities, from a sensorimotor review of the surrounding and symbolic game to crafts and formal games that help the child to develop the basic concept of learning, to develop drawing conclusions skills, and strengthen their social skills.
Work skills- including the above play skills, approaches, and behaviors that allow the child to function successfully in school and develop his abilities and curiosity.
Occupational therapy has much significance in the functioning of the blind and eyesight impaired child, mainly at his earliest years, in them, the child meets with sensory and mobility experiences, develops his body schema, learn how to operate objects, and comes to independence in life functions appropriate to his age. It is recognized that Occupational therapy is the basis for many skills, that the child learns now and in the future, and will allow him orientation, mobility, improving academic ability, community integration.
Occupational therapy in infancy has great importance for working with the parents and the close work with the kindergarten staff.
Simultaneously, we allow the parents to understand and express their feeling, to understand how eyesight impairment effects on the early development of the child and to learn how they can teach their child to experience the world and enable him to realize their full potential.
The super purpose is functional independence life.
– Encouraging motor-sensory experience and improving sensory integration ability, and reducing sensitivity to movement and avoidance behavior.
– Encouraging movement in space regarding environmental sensory clues.
– Touch diagnosis capability development and sensory perception.
– Developing to directionality for mobility in space.
– Maximum use of existing eyesight for mobility and function.
– Encouraging the use of both hands for manipulation and play development.
– Development of social behaviors ( lifting the head during a conversation, stereotypical head movements extinction)
– Developing hand-eye coordination.
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